What Is L.E.P.C. and What Does It Do?
L.E.P.C. (Local Emergency Planning Committees) are appointed by the State Emergency Response Commissions (SERCs). LEPCs consist of representatives of all of the following groups and organizations:
Elected and local officials
Civil Defense Local Environmental Agencies
Hospitals Community Groups
Health Local Transportation Agencies
Broadcast and Print Media
In addition to the above, representatives of facilities subject to the emergency planning and community right-to-know requirements must be represented as part of the LEPC.
The LEPCs initial task is to develop an emergency plan to prepare for and respond to chemical emergencies. EPA's list of extremely hazardous substances may provide a focus for setting priorities in the planning effort. The plan is required to be completed by October 17, 1988. But that was only the beginning. The plan must be reviewed annually, tested, and updated. Because the LEPC's members represent the community, they should be familiar with factors that affect public safety, the environment, and the economy of the community. That expertise will be essential as the LEPC develops a plan tailored to the needs of its planning district.
An emergency plan must include the identity and location of hazardous materials, procedures for immediate response to a chemical accident; ways to notify the public about actions they must take; names of coordinators at plants; and schedules and plans for testing the plan. Once the plan is written, the SERC must review it. The LEPC must publicize the plan through the public meetings or newspaper announcements, get public comments, and periodically test the plan by conducting emergency drills. The LEPC must also update the plan at least annually and let the public know of its activities.
The LEPC has other responsibilities besides developing an emergency response plan. It receives emergency releases and hazardous chemical inventory information submitted by local facilities, and must make this information available to the public upon request. It must establish and publicize procedures for handling these requests.
LEPCs have the authority to request additional information from facilities for their own planning purposes or on behalf of others. LEPCs may want to visit facilities in the community to find out what they are doing to reduce hazards, prepare for accidents, and reduce hazardous inventories and releases. LEPCs can take civil actions against facilities if they fail to provide the information required under the Act. In addition to its formal responsibilities, the LEPC serves as a focal point in the community for value of the information provided by the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act will be limited unless citizens are given the means to understand the information and its implications. The LEPC's ability to improve the safety and health of its community will be greatly enhanced, by the support of an informed and active citizenry.